A major poet of the 20th century, Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1888. In 1914 he moved to the United Kingdom and became a naturalised British subject aged 39. In 1948 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, “for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry”.
In addition to his poetry, Eliot wrote a number of plays, and was also a significant literary critic.
Eliot died of emphysema at his home in Kensington in London, on 4 January 1965
Read a selection of T.S. Eliot poems